Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 14: Health and Illness

 (Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 26)

Chủ đề Sức khỏe là một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chủ đề này trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ miêu tả các loại bệnh mà chúng ta dễ mắc phải như thế nào?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề Sức khỏe trong bài viết này nhé.

A. Verb collocations referring to illnesses and injuries

VerbCommon collocationExample
catch a cold, the flu, a chill, pneumonia I got soaking wet and caught a cold
contract [formal]a disease, malaria, typhoidUncle Jess contracted malaria while he was working in Africa.
develop[formal](lung/breast) cancer, diabetes, AIDS, arthritis, Alzheimer’s diseaseMy grandfather developed Alzheimer’s disease and could no longer remember things or recognise people.
suffer fromasthma, hay fever, backacheShe has suffered from asthma all her life.
have an attack ofbronchitis, asthma, hay fever, diarrheaShe had an attack of hay fever and was sneezing non-stop.
be diagnosed with(lung/breast) cancer, AIDS, leukaemia, autismHe was diagnosed with lung cancer and died a year later.
suffer /sustain[formal](major/minor/serious/head) injuriesThe driver sustained serious head injuries in the crash.

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Fitness and good health

Are You in Good Shape? 

1. Do you take regular vigorous exercise

2. Do you eat a balanced diet

3. Do you care about healthy eating

4. Do you follow a personal fitness programme

5. Do you always stick to your programme?

6. In general, have you kept fit over the last two years?

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Talking about sickness and pain

My poor friend Gina is terminally ill. [She will die soon.] She suffers excruciating/unbearable pain most of the time. Apparently it’s an incurable illness that runs in her family.

Dave annoys everyone at work. He takes days off even for the most trivial/minor ailments. It’s a serious illness, but probably not life-threatening.

For a few days it was acutely/intensely painful, but now it’s just a dull ache. My doctor prescribed me some tablets and they relieved/alleviated the pain.

Cora was taken ill the other day. She’s in hospital. They’re not sure what it is yet. I had a heavy cold and a splitting headache, so I wasn’t in a good mood. [the opposite of a heavy cold is a slight cold]

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

D. Exercise

Bài 1: Nối các động từ và các cách diễn đạt ở bên trái với những cụm từ ở phía bên phải để tạo nên các collocations


1. sustain
2. contract
3. have an attack of
4. develop
5. be diagnosed with
6. catch
diarrhea 
contract a cold 
breast cancer 
minor injuries 
typhoid 
autism


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Bài 2: Sử dụng những động từ và cách diễn đạt ở cột bên tay trái của bài 1 thay cho động từ “get” trong các mẩu báo dưới đây: 

1. Many musicians who get arthritis experience the tragedy of no longer being able to play their instrument. 

2. More than 50 passengers on the flight got moderate or severe diarrhea. 

Medical officials suspect the in-flight catering was responsible 

3. To get cancer is the most frightening experience, and people often need intense counselling to cope with it. 

4. Millions of people get malaria each year in poorer countries, and drugs to treat it are in short supply. 

5. Mr Taylor escaped with bruises, but experts say he was lucky not to have got serious injuries. 

6. Patients often get pneumonia while in hospital. In fact, experts now think hospitals may be the worst place to be if you are sick and weak.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Bài 3: Hoàn thành các collocation sau. Bạn được cho trước chữ cái đầu của từ cần điền:


1. Flu is not a s illness for most people; but it can be l-t for elderly people who are weak and who haven’t been vaccinated
2. Patients who are t ill often prefer to die at home surrounded by their loved ones
3.I’m not in pain; it’s just a d ache in my back tooth. I hate going to the dentist’s.
4. The children have a b diet; with lots of fruit and vegetables and only a few sweet
5. Turn that music down! I’ve got a s headache!
6. You shouldn’t waste the doctor’s time with t ailments. Get something at the chemist’s instead.
7. I need to adopt a proper fitness programme and to s to it. I was in good s a year ago but then I became a bit lazy
8. Diseases which are i now will be beaten one day if scientists continue to make progress with drugs and genetic science
9. My aunt was t ill when she was on holiday. Apparently; she was in e pain. Luckily she had travel insurance
10. I believe in h eating and I try to do v exercise every other day
11. My doctor p me a new drug to a my backache. It worked!
12. I took a day off work yesterday. It was nothing serious, just a s cold.

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Practice

Part 1:

1. In what ways do you try to stay healthy?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

healthy eating, balanced diet, keep fit, take vigorous exercise, follow a fitness programme

2. If you catch a cold, what do you do to help you feel better?

be taken ill, catch a cold, heavy cold, splitting headache, prescribe tablets, alleviate the pain, suffer from

3.  What health problems did you have?

contract malaria, heavy cold, splitting headache, serious illness, life-threatening

Part 3: 

1. How can people have a healthy lifestyle?

keep fit, follow a fitness programme, stick to a fitness programme, take vigorous exercise, balanced diet, healthy eating

2. Do you think most people worry more about their health as they get older?

develop Alzheimer’s disease, terminally ill, incurable illness, life-threatening, excruciating/unbearable pain, healthy eating

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