Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 18: Work

 (Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 30)

Chủ đề Việc làm là một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chủ đề này trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ miêu tả tính chất công việc mà bạn mong muốn như thế nào?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề Việc làm trong bài viết này nhé.

A. Jobs, career and work

JOBA fulfilling job
A high-powered job
A demanding job
A steady job
To apply for a job
To offer someone a job
A permanent job
WORK To carry out work
To supervise work
To work closely with
To take on work
Available to start work
To complete work
CAREER To wreck/ruin someone’s career
To embark on a career
To have a career in 
A career takes off
A promising career
To climb the career ladder
Her career lasted…
At the height/peak of your career

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Job adverts

Do you have a good knowledge of the fashion industry?

Do you have experience in sales?

Are you a good team player?

Are you looking for a stimulating working environment?

Would you like to be an integral part of a close team?

We can offer you job satisfaction and generous benefits?

Vacancy must be filled within three weeks.

For further details, phone 08965 439820

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Things you might do at work

Bella has a job as a PA. Basically her role is to take charge of her boss, who is not a very organised person, and make sure nothing goes wrong. She makes appointments for her boss and she makes sure he keeps his appointments. She spends a lot of time answering the phone and fielding telephone calls on his behalf. When her boss has to travel, she makes the reservations for him. When her boss has to give a presentation, she makes all the preparations that are required, including making photocopies of any papers that needs. She arranges meetings for him and she takes the minutes at the meetings. Bella is a very well-organised person. She keeps a record of everything she does at work and sets herself targets. She does her best to achieve her goals. Every morning she makes a list of everything she needs to do. Today the first thing on her list is “Hand in my notice”! But she’s not going to take early retirement. She’s got a new job where she will be the boss and will have her own PA.

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

D. Exercise

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các câu sau với work, job hoặc career

1. I took on too much last month and couldn’t finish it all.
2. At the peak of her she was managing a sales force of 200 people.
3. Daniel Robertson’s in education lasted almost four decades.
4. I have a very demanding ; but I enjoy it; nonetheless.
5. At the moment we are carrying out on the design of the new stadium.
6. The scandal ruined his and he never worked in the stock market again.
7. I’m going to apply for a in a supermarket.
8. She had a long and brilliant in show business. At 20; she got her first steady in a small regional theatre; but it was in 1968 that her really took off when she was offered a part in a TV series.

Bài 2: Nhìn vào quảng cáo dưới đây là danh sách ứng viên ở dưới, sắp xếp họ theo thứ tự phù hợp với công việc, từ 1 (phù hợp nhất) đến 3 (ít phù hợp nhất), và đưa ra lý do


Kevin Marsh, 21, just left university with a degree in management.
Likes working in teams, wants a satisfying job. Unemployed at the moment.

Nurdan Ozbek, 35, worked in international marketing for seven years. Degree in Business, used to working under stress and meeting deadlines. One month’s notice required in present job.

Nuala Riley, 28, six years’ experience as editor for a large publisher. Extremely adaptable, excellent relations with colleagues.
Three months’ notice required.

1. Kevin Marsh =>
2. Katharina Bauer =>
3. Nuala Riley =>

Bài 3: Nối 2 đoạn để thành một câu hoàn chỉnh

She has set a presentation to my colleagues
We are making the minutes at the meeting
I always keepmy phone calls while I took off
Jane will take some difficult targets for us all
I have to givehis goals in his career
He never achievedmy appointments
He fieldedpreparations for the sales conference


Bài 4: Các tổ hợp từ dưới đây có nghĩa là gì?

Kika started out in a dead-end job in a jam factory but she ended up with a glittering career on the stage, a career spanning five decades. She is quoted as saying ‘Stage acting may not be a particularly lucrative job but it has to be one of the most rewarding jobs in the world.

1. Dead-end job:
2. Glittering career:
3. Career spanning:
4. Lucrative job:
5. Rewarding job:

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Practice

Part 1:

1. What do you like about your job?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

A fulfilling job, a steady job, a promising career, stimulating working environment, job satisfaction, generous benefits, to work closely with

2. What do you dislike about your job?

a demanding job, a high-powered job, to climb the career ladder, goes wrong, hand in my notice, to wreck/ruin someone’s career

3. Is there another type of job you would like to do?

achieve my goals, has a job as, integral part, a career takes off, a promising career, to climb the career ladder

Part 2:

Describe an ideal job you’d like to do in the future 

You should say:  

  • What it is.
  • How you can get this job.  
  • What kinds of work you would do for the job. 
  • And explain why you want to have it.

to apply for a job, to embark on a career, to climb the career ladder, a fulfilling job, a lucrative job, to carry out work, have a good knowledge of, have experience in, to work closely with, to take charge, a career takes off, achieve my goals


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