Ứng dụng collocation vào speaking – Unit 22: Laws and punishments

Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 34

AS Law Associates – Alternate Dispute Resolution | Risk Management |  Arbitration | Mediation | Negotiations; Commercial

A. Verbs that collocate with law

We must all observe the law at all times.

People who refuse to obey the law should be punished. 

A new law has been introduced/passed forbidding the use of mobile phones while driving.

The company acted within the law as regards the rights of its employees. 
It is the job of the police to uphold/enforce the law.

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B. Noun and verb collocations

The new law forbids/prohibits smoking in all public places. 

The rules permit/allow members to bring guests into the club only at weekends.

These rules/regulations apply to all students, not just new ones.

If we follow the rules, at least 20 people must be present at the meeting.

The regulations require/stipulate that all students must register for the course.

We have to comply with the regulations concerning the testing of equipment. 

I hope we can bend the rules and let her take the exam on another day.

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C. Punishments

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D. Excercises

Bài 1: Chọn động từ chính xác từ phần A để điền vào chỗ trống trong đoạn văn. Sử dụng mỗi từ một lần duy nhất và chia dạng đúng của động từ.

In law-abiding societies ordinary citizens are usually happy to (1) or (2) the law. But there are also rather different societies where most people feel that it is not such a serious matter to (3) the law. In such places, people do not seem to (4) the law and even the most honest of citizens does not expect always to (5) within it. The rulers of such societies have no difficulty in (6)or (7)new laws but the police have considerable problems when it comes to (8)or (9) those laws.

Bài 2: Ghép phần đầu của mỗi câu ở trên với phần còn lại của câu ở bên dưới cho phù hợp nghĩa.

a. The rules apply

b. The rules prohibit

c. The rules allow students

d. The regulations stipulate

e. Most students follow

f. The authorities bent

g. All students must comply

with the regulations.
to all students in the college.
the rules to allow Mary to submit her coursework a little late.
to book college guestrooms at weekends.
the use of mobile phones in class.
that coursework must be handed in on time.
the rules without too many complaints.

Bài 3: Sắp xếp lại thứ tự các sự kiện trong một câu chuyện về một vụ án.

a) A number of witnesses appear in court.

b) Bill Sikes goes on trial.

c) Bill Sikes is found guilty.

d) Bill Sikes is severely punished.

e) Bill Sikes robs a bank.

f) The jury reaches its verdict.

g) The police carry out an investigation.

(1) =>(2) => (3) => (4) => (5) => (6)=>(7)

Bài 4: Trả lời các câu hỏi sau, sử dụng một trong các collocations ở phần C.

1. What does every lawyer in a trial hope to do?

2. What does every wrongly accused person who appears in court hope to receive?

3. What do the police do after a major crime is committed?

4. What may happen to people in some countries if they are found guilty of a very serious crime like murder or terrorism?

5. How might the death penalty help to prevent serious crime?

6. What does the jury have to do at the end of a trial?

7. What kind of punishments does a hard-hearted judge give?

8. What kind of fine might a judge impose if the offence is quite serious?

Bài 5: Viết lại các câu sau sử dụng các từ ở trong ngoặc sao cho nghĩa câu không đổi.

1. Everyone must observe these regulations. (COMPLY)

2. All citizens must obey these rules. (APPLY)

3. The jury found the accused guilty. (REACHED)

4. The police are investigating the bank robbery. (INVESTIGATION)

5. Our company would never break the law. (ACTS)

6. 6. The rules prohibit eating and drinking in the classrooms. (ALLOW STUDENTS)

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Luyện nói

Part 2: Describe a good law in your country

You should say:

– What it is

– How you know about it

– What people think about this law

– And explain why you think that it is a good law.

law + to be introduced/passed, law forbids/prohibits, rules permit/allow, rules/regulations apply to, obey the law, uphold/enforce the law, ace a heavy fine, be severely punished, harsh sentences

Part 3:

1. Do you think that young criminals should be sent to prison for serious crimes?

go on a trial, a fair trial, face a heavy fine, acts as a deterrent, suffer the consequences, act within the law

2. What do you think will happen to a criminal?

carrying out an investigation, go on trial, appear in court, suffer the consequences, harsh sentences, face the death penalty, acts as a deterrent, observe the law


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