Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 23: Crime

Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 35

What is new with the NCRB's 'Crime in India – 2020' report?

A. Talking about criminals

The Judge, Mr Newell, said that Hickey was a hardened criminal who had committed 12 serious offences. He ordered that Hickey should serve a sentence of at least 15 years in prison.The lawyer for the prosecution, Mr Arthur Larchwood, stated that Henry Banks was already a convicted criminal when he was appointed chairman of the company but that nobody knew this fact. He had a conviction for robbery dating back to 1996.The Justice Minister said that the men were not political prisoners but were common criminals who had committed acts of terrorism.The judge said it was vital that anyone with a criminal record should not be able to get a job where large sums of money were placed in their care. Charles Amworth, 26, had served two years in a prison for young offenders ten years ago before working for the bank.

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B. Politicians on crime

Politicians often make speeches about crime. Here are some extracts from recent ones. “In the fight against crime we will not just target serious crime, but all crime, including street crime and vehicle crime, so that the streets will be safer for everyone.” “If someone breaks into your house, steals your car, or robs you in the street, then of course you feel society has let you down. That’s why we’re determined to tackle crime.” “We are doing everything in our power to combat crime. The crime rate has come down, and that is because we have put 10,000 more police officers on the streets and focused on juvenile crime , because that is where the problem begins.” “This government is doing very little to fight crime. We have all had some experience of the recent crime wave in our cities, whether it is petty crime or more serious offences.” “The crime figures are the worst since 1995. We have had a spate of burglaries in this part of the city, vehicle theft , drug abuse and so on, and police have reported a staggering increase in the number of acts of mindless vandalism. It is time the party in power did something.”

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C. Common mistakes

Don’t forget the difference between steal and rob. A person steals something, e.g. He stole a car / some money, but robs someone or an institution, e.g. She robbed an elderly person / a bank. Steal is often used in the passive, e.g. My car was stolen.

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D. Exercises

Bài 1: Tìm những collocation ở A tương ứng với những định nghĩa sau

1. a schoolchild who commits a crime

2. someone who has been found guilty of a crime in a court of law

3. someone who has committed a lot of crimes

4. to spend time in prison as punishment

5. to do something that is against the law

6. someone who is imprisoned for what they believe

7. someone who has committed a crime (a disapproving term)

8. a document stating that someone has been found guilty in a court of law

Bài 2: Ghép những tựa đề từ những tờ báo sau với câu đầu tiên của bài báo

1. 4.
2. 5.
3. 6.

a) 80-year-old Marianne Roberts had her house broken into and some money and jewellery stolen while she was asleep in front of the TV last night.
b) An increasing number of young people are getting involved in criminal activity according to a report published yesterday.
c) So many cars have recently been stolen in the city that the police are launching a special campaign to tackle the problem.
d) A detailed report on crime in the UK is to be published later today.
e) Small-scale robberies remain a significant problem in this area and police are concerned that the problem may soon become more serious.
f) A number of TV celebrities have been named as having attended a party where illegal drugs were being openly used.

Bài 3: Điền vào chỗ trống trong đoạn văn sau

Police are concerned about the growing number of offences that are being (1)by young people in our town. They say that increasing numbers of youngsters are (2) into people’s houses or (3) their cars. Indeed, police claim that it is probably young (4) who are to blame for the recent (5) of burglaries in our town. Police are proposing a special campaign to (6) the problem and are asking for the public’s support in this (7) against (8) crime.

Bài 4: Trả lời các câu hỏi sau

1. Would you feel pleased or worried if there were reports of a crime wave in your area?

2. What sorts of crime might be considered as petty crime?

3. If the police are targeting serious crime, what are they doing?

4. What word could replace tackle in this sentence? The police are doing all they can to tackle petty crime in the city centre.

5. What does the phrase an act of terrorism mean?

6. Which of these words could complete the phrase a spate of …: robberies, young offenders, drug abuse?

7. Give an example of mindless vandalism

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Luyện nói

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

Part 2: Describe a good law in your country

You should say:

  • What is the law
  • How you came to know about this law
  • Whom does it affect
  • Why is it good

In the fight against, target serious crime, hardened criminal, commit offence, convicted criminal, serve a sentence of, crime rate.

combat crime, tackle crime, vehicle crime, break into one’s house, steal one’s car, rob someone, vehicle theft, serve a sentence of, crime figures

Part 3: 

1. Have you ever seen a crime?

convicted criminal, conviction for robbery, common criminal, acts of terrorism, criminal record, break into one’s house, steal your car, rob sb

2. Should police in your country be stricter or less strict?

In the fight against, target serious crime, serve a sentence of, convicted criminal, tackle crime, crime figures 

3. Do you think criminals can change?

conviction for robbery, common criminal, acts of terrorism, criminal record, young offender, juvenile crime, crime rate

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