Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 26: War and Peace

Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 38

Inner Peace is World Peace - Perspectives Therapy Services

A. War

When war broke out, my grandfather joined the army. War was declared on his 25th birthday. He didn’t want to go to war but he had no choice. The government were sending troops to the south, where they expected fierce fighting. At first there were just minor incidents but soon it developed into all-out war. My grandfather has told me how terrified he was the first time he came within firing range of the enemy. They saw him and opened fire but he was able to escape. A couple of his friends, though, were killed or taken prisoner. After several months, our army went into action in the first decisive battle of the war. The battle raged  for several days. My grandfather said he hated being involved in fighting the war and that the only armies we should have should be peacekeeping forces. He can never forget the horrors of war, and he believes that we must do everything we can to avert war in the future. I agree.

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B. Peace

CollocationExample
bring about peaceIt will be no easy task to bring about peace in the area.
negotiate a peaceagreementIt can be useful to invite a neutral country to help negotiate a peace agreement.
call a truce/ceasefireAlthough a ceasefire has been called for the duration of the peace negotiations, hopes of its success are not high.
sign a (peace) treatyAt the end of the war, all the countries involved signed a peace treaty in Paris.
lasting peaceHopes for a lasting peace are, unfortunately, fading fast.
peace activistPeace activists around the world staged a series of massive demonstrations against the war.
keep the peaceAfter the war was over, UN troops were sent into the troubled area to help keep the peace there.
restore orderSoldiers were sent in to restore order after the uprising.

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C. War expressions in everyday language

The police fought a running battle with football hooligans in the town centre.

The people of the village put up a heroic fight against the construction of the new motorway, but finally lost the battle.

The bank robbers didn’t offer any resistance when the police surrounded them.

The President is fighting for his life tonight in the City hospital after a major operation.

Tip: 

Some collocations connected with war and military action are also used in a business or political context, e.g. a price war, a war on crime, to fight crime, to fight a war against poverty.

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D. Exercises

Bài 1: Sử dụng các từ trong hộp ở dạng đúng của chúng để hoàn thành các câu dưới:

go              horrors              join                   avert                 fight                open          rage

1. The president said he is ready to to war against the enemy. He said he had done everything possible to war, but now there was no alternative.
2. A two hour battle in the northern district today after troops fire on rebel positions.
3. The army will continue to the war against the drug barons.
4. The president said that young persons who the army must expect to fight to defend their country. They would experience the of war, but they must be brave.

Bài 2: Viết lại câu sử dụng Collocation với các từ trong ngoặc:

1. The war between the two countries (started) in 1983 after a dispute over territory in the northern province. At first there were just (small events) but it soon turned into (a full-scale war). The war ended after (a battle which finally decided the course of events) in 1987.

2. There was (very violent fighting) in the capital city yesterday. United Nations (forces who will maintain peace) are expected to enter the city as soon as (the armies say they will stop firing at each other).

3. Forces sent in to (make the peace continue) in the troubled region of the island had to retreat after they came (within the firing distance) of rebel artillery.

4. The military forces today (officially stated that they were at war) against the guerillas.

5. Armed troops were sent in to (bring order again) after the riots and violence of last week.

6. Even though the two sides (put their names to a document officially stating that the war was at an end) last July, fighting has started again and hopes for (a peace which might continue for a long time) are fading.

7. As more of our soldiers were killed or (captured and put in prison), (people who were actively promoting peace) organised demonstrations against the unpopular war.

8. Representatives of the two sides are meeting in Zurich in an attempt to (make peace) in the troubled region. It is hoped that they will (have negotiations and agree the details for peace) which both governments can accept.

Bài 3: Sửa lỗi sai về Collocation trong các câu sau:

1. The police fought a walking battle with a group of violent demonstrators. ->
2. I feel we are missing the battle to persuade the management to increase our salaries.->
3. The students made up a heroic fight against the plan to increase course fees.->
4. I was surprised that the Management Committee sent no resistance to our demands.->
5. A tiny baby with a rare heart condition is fighting her life in the General Hospital tonight.->

Bài 4: Tìm thêm 2 Collocations của các từ sau:

1. army


2. soldier


3. battle


4. weapon


5. to fight


6. peace

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Luyện nói

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

Part 1:

1. Do you like to learn about history?

fight the war, the horrors of war, bring about peace, keep the peace, lasting peace, avert war

Part 2: Describe a historical event that you like the most 

  • What event it is
  • When it happened
  • Who or what was involved in it
  • And explain why you think it is an important historical event.

war broke out, join the army, fight the war, fierce fighting, all-out war, decisive battle, lost the battle, negotiate a peace agreement, sign a peace treaty, keep the peace, lasting peace, restore order. 

Part 3: 

1. What can we learn from the events in history?

fight the war, the horrors of war, bring about peace, keep the peace, lasting peace, avert war

2. Which historical period do you think is important in your country?

war broke out, join the army, fight the war, fierce fighting, all-out war, decisive battle, lost the battle

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