Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 30: Talking about cause and effect

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Nguyên nhân và Kết quả là những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chúng trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ nói như thế nào khi bạn muốn nêu ra nguyên nhân của một vụ hỏa hoạn và hậu quả của nó?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề Nguyên nhân và Kết quả trong bài viết này nhé

A. Different ‘cause’ verbs.

Cause word on wooden table stock image. Image of idea - 81382591
topicverbexamples
Negative events, situation and feelingscauseThe storm caused chaos/havoc/a lot of damage.Her remarks caused alarm/concern/Her son’s behavior caused her great anxiety/a lot of embarrassment.
Positive and negative changesBring aboutThe discovery of X-ray brought about a revolution/transformation in medical science.
Positive and negative situations and feelingscreateHis book helped create awareness of inner-city poverty.Your presence on the committee is creating problems for all of us.
Sudden, often negative, eventsSpark offThe announcement sparked off riots/demonstrations in the cities.His wife’s absence sparked off rumours in the media.
Recreations from peopleattractHis book has attracted a lot of criticism/interestThe charity appeal attracted support from a wide range of people
Results and effectsproduce My comments produced the opposite effect to what I intended.His research has not yet produced any results, but we must wait.

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B. Causes and effects

Are We Sure Cause And Effect Are Even Real?
The immediate cause of the problem was an oil leakThe underlying cause of the the problem was a lack of funds over many years
The government hopes to reduce/minimise the impact of the new taxesThe support she got from the Prime Minister strengthened/increased the impact of her report
The new measures had an unexpected/unforeseen outcomeThe new tax led to the predictable/inevitable outcome that many people became poorer
The positive/beneficial effects of the charges were soon apparentThe negative/adverse effects of the changes were not noticed immediately
The crisis was the direct/inevitable result of bad economic planningOur indirect/unforeseen result of the new laws has been a rise in unemployment

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C. Common expressions for everyday events

CauseEffect: Rules - Causality Workbench

The book caused an uproar in the United States.

If You make him angry, you’ll have to suffer the consequences,

The accident had a huge effect on her life.

Latino singers have had a major impact on pop music this year

Remember that it makes/creates a bad impression if you’re late

The drug companies have a lot of influence on doctors

Their love affair caused a sensation.

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D. Exercise

Bài 1: Hoàn thiện các câu sau với các động từ từ phần A. Dùng mỗi từ một lần.

1. The film has a lot of criticism, both positive and negative.
2. The extra work Olga’s had to do has her a lot of stress.
3. The experiment didn’t the results we’d expected.
4. David Line wrote an excellent article on the factors that thecollapse of the Soviet Union.
5. The rise in the price of fuel has a series of protests.

Bài 2: Chọn tổ hợp từ đúng nhất:

I’ve just been reading the very interesting biography of Rhoda Legge, an early star of silent films. She isn’t generally well-known now but she caused a(n) (1) impression / sensation / outcome in the 1920s when she had an affair with a minor member of a European royal family. This turned out to have a (2) major / principal / chief impact on her career. At first she was very distressed by the (3) effect / influence / uproar it caused in the press. However, ultimately, she did not suffer the negative (4) results / consequences / outcomes she initially feared. On the contrary, the affair had an (5) unpredicted / unknown / unexpected outcome. The (6) good / advantageous / positive effects of the affair soon began to make themselves felt as she began to be offered all sorts of interesting new roles. The affair (7) affected / effected / infected the way people thought about her. The relationship lasted only a few months but it (8) produced / attracted / caused a sensation that (9) had / did / got a huge impact on her career.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Bài 3: Chọn các vế để hoàn thành các câu sau

1. The enquiry aims to establish what the immediate

2. Henry’s grandmother had

3. The changes had some unforeseen

4. Criticising your previous boss doesn’t create

5. The parents did all they could to minimise

6. What happens in childhood affects

7. Management is trying to effect

  • some changes in the way the college is structured. 
  • cause of the fire was.
  • the development of personality very deeply. 
  • the impact of the new measures.
  • the impact of the tragedy on their children. 
  • results which no one could have predicted.
  • result of the huge tax rises. 
  • a good impression at a job interview.
  • a considerable influence on his choice of career. 
  • causes of crime.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Practice

Part 1: 

Describe a failure in your life that has improved you as a person

You should say:

  • What ít was
  • How you overcome it
  • What lesson you learned from it

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

direct result, suffer the consequences, cause a lot of embarrassment, have a lot of influence on, attract support, bring about a transformation, have a huge impact

Part 2:

1. Should parents put a lot of pressure on their children to be successful?

have a lot of influence, cause great anxiety, produce the opposite effect, unexpected outcome , negative/adverse effect

2. In the future, what do you think are some of the effects of global warming?

cause alarm/concern, have an influence on, unexpected/unforeseen outcome, predictable outcome, produce results, suffer the consequences

3. Is news about celebrities good or bad?

create problems, attract criticisms, underlying cause, spark off rumors, have a lot of influence, cause anxiety, produce the opposite effect

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