Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 37: Praising and criticising

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Khen và Phê phán là những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chúng trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn có thể biết bao nhiêu cách diễn đạt để khen người khác?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề Khen và Phê phán trong bài viết này nhé

A. Praising

Don't Make This Common Mistake About Giving Praise | Inc.com

I have nothing but praise for this production of Dragon Knights and offer my congratulations to all the cast. The thunderous applause at the end of last nightʼs performance was richly deserved. The actors had managed to put on a simply dazzling production. James King, in particular, gave an outstanding performance. Of course, the cast cannot take full credit for its success; we must also warmly congratulate the director. He has received critical acclaim many times in the past. He justly deserves all the rave reviews he will undoubtedly receive from many others as well as myself. We must also give credit to the productionʼs wardrobe department. I am sure they will also win a lot of praise for their original and exciting costumes.

The orchestra received a standing ovation for their performance of the symphony. 

Your boss thinks the world of you. He’s always singing your praises to me.

My parents always used to speak well/highly of that journalist.

Her father warmly/heartily approves of her new boyfriend.

I hope you will give your blessing to the plan. 

Let’s give the winner a big clap / a round of applause.

You deserve a pat on the back for such excellent marks!

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Criticising

Criticising Pictures, Criticising Stock Photos & Images | Depositphotos®

When you are criticised, you come in for criticism. You may respond to this criticism, you may counter the criticism or you may dismiss the criticism.

A person may show his/her disapproval or express his/her disapproval and this is often done by giving a look of disapproval or with a frown of disapproval.

WordCollocates withExample
criticismharsh, constant, constructiveThe play came in for some harsh criticism.
criticalhighly and sharplyThe writer is sharply critical of our political system.
criticiseroundly, fiercely, bitterlyHe was roundly criticised for his rudeness.
a criticharsh, outspokenActors fear him because he is such an outspoken critic.
disapprove ofstrongly, thoroughlyI strongly disapprove of smoking.
condemnseverelyThe banker was severely condemned for his dishonesty.
condemnationwholesale, universalThe country’s aggressive behaviour has earned universal condemnation.
object tostrongly, strenuouslyLocal residents strenuously objected to the development plans.

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Exercise

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các đoạn trích từ các chương trình TV mà người nói đang khen ngợi ai đó

For this young violinist, Nuria Shilov, her performance ends with a (1)___________________ ovation and (2)___________________ applause. Her playing has received critical (3)___________________ in the last year in her home country, and now her talent has been recognised by an international audience.
Now the President of the National Badminton Federation (4)___________________ congratulates Wang Shih-Ping on his (5)___________________ deserved victory in this year’s tournament. His skilful playing has (6)___________________ a lot of praise from commentators, though he personally refuses to (7)___________________ full credit for his achievements, and (8)___________________ credit instead to his manager, Karla Ennaise.
Well, the team manager is ecstatic and is at this moment making a speech (9)___________________ the praises of the captain, Blake Samson, and the rest of the team. And there is no doubt that they (10)___________________ deserve all this praise for such a remarkable victory.
So, at the end of this week’s quiz, the blue team have won. Let me (11)___________________ my congratulations to you all. You’ll be coming back next week. And let’s give the losers a (12)___________________ of applause. The red team also played a great game.

1. =>
2. =>
3. =>
4. =>
5. =>
6. =>
7. =>
8. =>
9. =>
10. =>
11. =>
12. =>

Bài 2: Chọn T (True) (Đúng) hoặc F (False) (Sai) sau mỗi câu. Nếu chọn F, đưa ra lý do tại sao.

1. If you speak highly of someone, you praise them.
2. If you have nothing but praise for someone, you do not approve of what they do.
3. If you criticise someone roundly, you criticise them only slightly.
4. If you heartily approve of something, you are in favour of it.
5. If you counter criticism, you just accept it.
6. If someone gives their blessing to something, they are against it.
7. If you give someone a clap, it is usually because you like what they have done.
8. If you give constructive criticism, you normally have a positive intention.

Bài 3: Sắp xếp lại các từ để được câu có nghĩa.

1. lot / He / in / for / criticism / a / of / came =>
2. criticism / the / responded / of / to / disapprove / how / I / thoroughly / she =>
3. him / condemned / lying / for / severely / judge / The =>
4. disapproval / my / behaviour / of / want / I / express / to / her =>
5. outspoken / were / but / dismissed / critics / he / The / criticisms / their =>
6. comments / condemnation / His / universal / received =>
7. objected / plan / We / and / strenuously / the / to / were / critical / it / highly / of =>
8. always / a / government / been / I /critic / of / have / corrupt / harsh =>

Bài 4: Hoàn thành các collocations ở đoạn văn dưới

This is the last exercise in this book. May we give you a pat on the (1) ______________ for getting to this point. Indeed, you (2) ______________ deserve a (3) ______________ clap. We have (4) ______________ but praise for you and would like to (5)______________ you our warm congratulations!

1. =>
2. =>
3. =>
4. =>
5. =>

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

D. Practice

Part 2: 

Describe a time when someone praised you for your actions.

You should say:

– When did it happen?

– What did you do?

– Who praised you?

– How did you feel about it?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

win praise, justly deserves, rave reviews, gave an outstanding performance, warmly congratulate, thunderous applause, thinks the world of, come in for criticism, counter the criticism

Part 3:

1. Do people need criticism?

come in for criticism, express one’s disapproval, counter the criticism, dismiss the criticism, a pat on the back, speak well/highly of

2. Is it important to give someone praise when he/she does a good thing?

richly deserved, give credit, a pat on the back, sing one’s praises, speak well/highly of

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