Một trong những kỹ năng gây “khó dễ” nhất với các sĩ tử đang ôm mộng đạt tới band điểm IELTS hằng mong ước là Writing. Đề thi IELTS Writing đề cập tới chủ đề nóng hổi, thời sự nhưng vẫn thân thuộc và gần gũi với cuộc sống hằng ngày như: Health, Environment, Marketing Online, Education, Travel,…..
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Tổng quan về phần thi IELTS Writing Task 2
Phần thi IELTS Writing Task 2 yêu cầu thí sinh viết bài luận có độ dài ít nhất 250 từ, trong thời gian 40 phút. Tiêu chí chấm điểm ở bài thi này bao gồm:
- Task Achievement: Khả năng trả lời đúng trọng tâm đề bài
- Coherence and Cohesion: Tính gắn kết và liền mạch của các câu/ các đoạn trong bài luận
- Lexical Resource: Khả năng sử dụng từ vựng
- Grammatical Range & Accuracy: Khả năng sử dụng đúng và đa dạng ngữ pháp
Quan trọng nhất trong bài thi IELTS Writing là hai tiêu chí đầu (Task Achievement & Coherence and Cohesion) – đây cũng là 2 tiêu chí chính quyết định band điểm phần thể hiện của thí sinh. Bố cục của bài Writing Task 2 thường bao gồm 4 phần chính:
- Introduction: Mở bài
- Supporting Paragraph 1: Thân bài 1
- Supporting Paragraph 2: Thân bài 2
- Conclusion: Kết luận
Các sĩ tử cần nắm vững kiến thức và triển khai thông tin cho phù hợp với mỗi dạng bài thi, bám sát vào các thành phần bố cục cơ bản như trên. IELTS Writing Task 2 gồm 5 dạng chính:
– Dạng 1: Discussion Essay
Ở dạng bài này, thí sinh được yêu cầu thảo luận về 2 quan điểm của đề bài, sau đó đưa ra ý kiến riêng của cá nhân.
(Dạng Discussion Essay)
– Dạng 2: Problems &- Solutions Essay
Dạng bài này yêu cầu người viết đưa ra nguyên nhân và giải pháp cho một vấn đề cụ thể. Mỗi đoạn văn trong thân bài sẽ lần trình bày nguyên nhân và phương hướng giải quyết.
(Dạng Problems & Solutions)
– Dạng 3: Argumentative/ Opinion/ Agree or Disagree Essay
Đây là một dạng bài vô cùng phổ biến trong IELTS Writing Task 2. Đối với dạng bài này, các sĩ tử phải đưa ra quan điểm về ý kiến được nêu trong đề bài. Hãy nhớ rằng phải nêu rõ quan điểm của bản thân ở ngay phần Introduction nhé!
(Dạng Opinion Essay)
– Dạng 4: Advantage & Disadvantage Essay
Dạng đề này tương tự như dạng Problems & Solutions Essay, thí sinh cần đưa ra những điểm lợi và bất lợi của một vấn đề trên đề bài. Mỗi đoạn văn trong phần Body lần lượt diễn đạt Advantage và Disadvantage
(Dạng Advantage & Disadvantage Essay)
– Dạng 5: 2-part Question
Người ra đề sẽ cung cấp cho thí sinh một ý kiến, và lần lượt đưa ra 2 câu hỏi liên quan tới vấn đề được nêu trên. Các sĩ tử cần trả lời 2 câu hỏi trên cùng với lý do để chứng minh cho câu trả lời của mình. Với mỗi câu trả lời, tương ứng với một đoạn trong thân bài.
(Dạng 2-part Question)
[Xem thêm]: Lộ trình học IELTS Writing từ 0-7.0
Tổng hợp các bài mẫu IELTS Writing theo chủ đề
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing chủ đề Health (IELTS Writing Health)
Đề bài: In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government should have the responsibility. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Childhood obesity has become a typical sign of deteriorating public health the world over, especially in Western-based countries, where massive amounts of unhealthy food is consumed on a daily basis. In this regard, some people believe governments should do whatever is needed to improve this situation. However, we should not single out governments as the only ones responsible for combating the childhood obesity crisis.
The role of a competent and responsible government is to ensure the well-being of its people. That is to say, if there is any serious threat to the people, as childhood obesity is, the government should be the one to first realize such a threat, introduce and put solutions into practice. However, apart from encouraging regular exercise and healthy diets, I doubt that the government has any further role to play.
The duty to combat obesity in children should not fall on the government alone because parents are, for good reasons, a greater source of influence on children’s unhealthy life. For one, an obese child is often malnourished because they do not receive appropriate nutrients from their food, a truth that reveals parents’ poor choice of diet for their kids. This fact also suggests that parents can have a direct impact on improving their children’s health by choosing healthy eating patterns that contain less sugar and fat. On the other hand, obesity is also caused by lack of physical activity. This can be exemplified by the sedentary lifestyle favored by a large number of youths nowadays. And parents are the only ones who can either encourage or force their children to do more physical tasks or exercise.
The government should of course do what they can to curb the obesity epidemic, no matter how small their impacts might be. Also, I feel the parents of obese children are to blame, and thus need to take responsibility for their kids’ unhealthy condition.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 2: Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
There has been much recent policy advocacy related to what the proper role of governments in healthcare should be. Although I believe governments have begun to treat this issue with the seriousness it merits, the responsibility for taking care of one’s health should ultimately rest with individuals as they are more likely to stick with habits that they themselves have cultivated.
Those who favour strong governmental intervention often point out the role of the state in forming healthy eating habits through early intervention at public schools. In the United States, the vast majority of students attend state schools and in recent years the government has been implementing new policies aimed at curbing addiction to unhealthy foods. This means that they have reduced the total intake of saturated fats in school lunches and drastically cut down on sugar not only in prepared lunches but also in the ubiquitous vending machines placed around most schools. In the short term this has led to improved health for students but its true effect will be over the next several decades when these children grow up and are more likely to eschew fast food for the healthier alternatives now opening up to meet the growing demands of an increasingly health-conscious nation.
While there are clear benefits to governmental action, individuals are better at regulating their own behaviour in the long-term. People have always found ways to get around rules in order to satisfy their most basic desires, including those related to food. No matter what steps governments take, people will always crave unhealthy, delicious foods as our brains are hardwired to feel pleasure from saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sugar. For example, even a country like France, which has imposed strict rules over the food that children are served, is still facing an obesity crisis. Therefore the only way for people to consistently combat unhealthy lifestyle is to develop the discipline on their own. Individuals who make the choice to eat healthier are more likely to stick with this habit having worked out the reasons for themselves, rather than simply following a rule imposed by their schools at the behest of the government.
In conclusion, governments have a large role to play in public health but only individuals can take control of their own lives and make decisions that will truly benefit them in the future. In this case, the best solution is simply no solution. Standing back and allowing people to become more self-reliant will not only have more long-lasting effects but will also empower individuals in various other areas of their life to be more responsible.
(By IELTS Simon)
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing chủ đề Environment (IELTS Writing Environment)
Đề bài 1: Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment. What can governments do to address these problems? What can individual people do?
Humans are responsible for a variety of environmental problems, but we can also take steps to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet. This essay will discuss environmental problems and the measures that governments and individuals can take to address these problems.
Two of the biggest threats to the environment are air pollution and waste. Gas emissions from factories and exhaust fumes from vehicles lead to global warming, which may have a devastating effect on the planet in the future. As the human population increases, we are also producing ever greater quantities of waste, which contaminates the earth and pollutes rivers and oceans. Governments could certainly make more effort to reduce air pollution. They could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories or to force companies to use renewable energy from solar, wind or water power. They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions.
Individuals should also take responsibility for the impact they have on the environment. They can take public transport rather than driving, choose products with less packaging, and recycle as much as possible. Most supermarkets now provide reusable bags for shoppers as well as ‘banks’ for recycling glass, plastic and paper in their car parks. By reusing and recycling, we can help to reduce waste.
In conclusion, both national governments and individuals must play their
part in looking after the environment.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 2: Some people think that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Climate change represents a major threat to life on Earth, but some people argue that we need to accept it rather than try to stop it. I completely disagree with this opinion, because I believe that we still have time to tackle this issue and reduce the human impact on the Earth’s climate.
There are various measures that governments and individuals could take to prevent, or at least mitigate, climate change. Governments could introduce laws to limit the carbon dioxide emissions that lead to global warming. They could impose “green taxes” on drivers, airline companies and other polluters, and they could invest in renewable energy production from solar, wind or water power. As individuals, we should also try to limit our contribution to climate change, by becoming more energy efficient, by flying less, and by using bicycles and public transport. Furthermore, the public can affect the actions of governments by voting for politicians who propose to tackle climate change, rather than for those who would prefer to ignore it.
If instead of taking the above measures we simply try to live with climate change, I believe that the consequences will be disastrous. To give just one example, I am not optimistic that we would be able to cope with even a small rise in sea levels. Millions of people would be displaced by flooding, particularly in countries that do not have the means to safeguard low-lying areas. These people would lose their homes and their jobs, and they would be forced to migrate to nearby cities or perhaps to other countries. The potential for human suffering would be huge, and it is likely that we would see outbreaks of disease and famine, as well as increased homelessness and poverty.
In conclusion, it is clear to me that we must address the problem of climate change, and I disagree with those who argue that we can find ways to live with it.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 1: Today, the high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of advertising and not the real needs of the society in which they are sold. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is true that we are increasingly surrounded by advertising by companies that want to sell us their products. To some extent I agree that advertising has an impact on sales, but I would also argue that we do need most of the goods that we buy.
Advertisements can certainly tempt people to buy products that they might not otherwise want. A good example could be the mobile phone. Every year people can be seen queuing to buy the latest models, even when they already have a perfectly good phone that does not need replacing. Perhaps it is the influence of marketing that leads us to make these kinds of decisions; we want to stay up to date with the latest fashions or own the newest high-status device. The high sales of the iPhone seem to support this idea.
On the other hand, I believe that most people do not buy products because of the advertising alone. There are other good reasons why we make these choices, and there must be some kind of need before a person makes a purchase. New versions of products almost always have improved features that buyers may want. A new car, for example, may have greatly improved safety features, or it may be more economical to run, or it may pollute less. A new phone may allow the user to communicate more quickly or effectively, thus enhancing their quality of life.
In conclusion, while advertising obviously influences our buying behaviour, I do not agree that people make decisions that go against their real needs.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 2: Some of the methods used in advertising are unethical and unacceptable in today’s society. To what extent do you agree with this view?
The world that we live in today is dominated by advertising. Adverts are on television, on the World Wide Web, in the street and even on our mobile phones. However, many of the strategies used to sell a product or service can be considered immoral or unacceptable.
To begin with, the fact that we cannot escape from advertising is a significant cause for complaint. Constant images and signs wherever we look can be very intrusive and irritating at times. Take for example advertising on the mobile phone. With the latest technology mobile companies are now able to send advertising messages via SMS to consumers’ phones whenever they choose. Although we expect adverts in numerous situations, it now seems that there are very few places we can actually avoid them.
A further aspect of advertising that I would consider unethical is the way that it encourages people to buy products they may not need or cannot afford. Children and young people in particular are influenced by adverts showing the latest toys, clothing or music and this can put enormous pressure on the parents to buy these products.
In addition, the advertising of tobacco products and alcohol has long been a controversial issue, but cigarette adverts have only recently been banned in many countries. It is quite possible that alcohol adverts encourage excessive consumption and underage drinking, yet restrictions have not been imposed on this type of advertising in the same way as smoking.
It is certainly true to say that advertising is an everyday feature of our lives. Therefore, people are constantly being encouraged to buy products or services that might be too expensive, unnecessary or even unhealthy. In conclusion, many aspects of advertising do appear to be morally wrong and are not acceptable in today’s society.
(By IELTS Buddy)
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing chủ đề Education (IELTS Writing Education)
Đề bài 1: Families who send their children to private schools should not be required to pay taxes that support the state education system. what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Some people believe that parents of children who attend private schools should not need to contribute to state schools through taxes. Personally, I completely disagree with this view.
For a variety of reasons, it would be wrong to reduce taxes for families who pay for private education. Firstly, it would be difficult to calculate the correct amount of tax reduction for these families, and staff would be required to manage this complex process. Secondly, we all pay a certain amount of tax for public services that we may not use. For example, most people are fortunate enough not to have to call the police or fire brigade at any time in their lives, but they would not expect a tax reduction for this. Finally, if wealthy families were given a tax discount for sending their children to private schools, we might have a situation where poorer people pay higher taxes than the rich.
In my opinion, we should all be happy to pay our share of the money that supports public schools. It is beneficial for all members of society to have a high quality education system with equal opportunities for all young people. This will result in a well-educated workforce, and in turn a more productive and prosperous nation. Parents of children in private schools may also see the advantages of this in their own lives. For example, a company owner will need well qualified and competent staff, and a well- funded education system can provide such employees.
In conclusion, I do not believe that any financial concessions should be made for people who choose private education.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 2: Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In my opinion, men and women should have the same educational opportunities. However, I do not agree with the idea of accepting equal proportions of each gender in every university subject.
Having the same number of men and women on all degree courses is simply unrealistic. Student numbers on any course depend on the applications that the institution receives. If a university decided to fill courses with equal numbers of males and females, it would need enough applicants of each gender. In reality, many courses are more popular with one gender than the other, and it would not be practical to aim for equal proportions. For example, nursing courses tend to attract more female applicants, and it would be difficult to fill these courses if fifty per cent of the places needed to go to males.
Apart from the practical concerns expressed above, I also believe that it would be unfair to base admission to university courses on gender. Universities should continue to select the best candidates for each course according to their qualifications. In this way, both men and women have the same opportunities, and applicants know that they will be successful if they work hard to achieve good grades at school. If a female student is the best candidate for a place on a course, it is surely wrong to reject her in favour of a male student with lower grades or fewer qualifications.
In conclusion, the selection of university students should be based on merit, and it would be both impractical and unfair to change to a selection procedure based on gender.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 3: Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
When they finish school, teenagers face the dilemma of whether to get a job or continue their education. While there are some benefits to getting a job straight after school, I would argue that it is better to go to college or university.
The option to start work straight after school is attractive for several reasons. Many young people want to start earning money as soon as possible. In this way, they can become independent, and they will be able to afford their own house or start a family. In terms of their career, young people who decide to find work, rather than continue their studies, may progress more quickly. They will have the chance to gain real experience and learn practical skills related to their chosen profession. This may lead to promotions and a successful career.
On the other hand, I believe that it is more beneficial for students to continue their studies. Firstly, academic qualifications are required in many professions. For example, it is impossible to become a doctor, teacher or lawyer without having the relevant degree. As a result, university graduates have access to more and better job opportunities, and they tend to earn higher salaries than those with fewer qualifications. Secondly, the job market is becoming increasingly competitive, and sometimes there are hundreds of applicants for one position in a company. Young people who do not have qualifications from a university or college will not be able to compete.
For the reasons mentioned above, it seems to me that students are more likely to be successful in their careers if they continue their studies beyond school level.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 4: Some people think that all university students should study whatever they like. Others believe that they should only be allowed to study subjects that will be useful in the future, such as those related to science and technology. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
People have different views about how much choice students should have with regard to what they can study at university. While some argue that it would be better for students to be forced into certain key subject areas, I believe that everyone should be able to study the course of their choice.
There are various reasons why people believe that universities should only offer subjects that will be useful in the future. They may assert that university courses like medicine, engineering and information technology are more likely to be beneficial than certain art degrees. From a personal perspective, it can be argued that these courses provide more job opportunities, career progression, better salaries, and therefore an improved quality of life for students who take them. On the societal level, by forcing people to choose particular university subjects, governments can ensure that any knowledge and skill gaps in the economy are covered. Finally, a focus on technology in higher education could lead to new inventions, economic growth, and greater future prosperity.
In spite of these arguments, I believe that university students should be free to choose their preferred areas of study. In my opinion, society will benefit more if our students are passionate about what they are learning. Besides, nobody can really predict which areas of knowledge will be most useful to society in the future, and it may be that employers begin to value creative thinking skills above practical or technical skills. If this were the case, perhaps we would need more students of art, history and philosophy than of science or technology.
In conclusion, although it might seem sensible for universities to focus only on the most useful subjects, I personally prefer the current system in which people have the right to study whatever they like.
(By IELTS Simon)
Bài mẫu IELTS Writing chủ đề Travel
Đề bài 1: Foreign visitors should pay more than local visitors for cultural and historical attractions. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
It is sometimes argued that tourists from overseas should be charged more than local residents to visit important sites and monuments. I completely disagree with this idea.
The argument in favour of higher prices for foreign tourists would be that cultural or historical attractions often depend on state subsidies to keep them going, which means that the resident population already pays money to these sites through the tax system. However, I believe this to be a very shortsighted view. Foreign tourists contribute to the economy of the host country with the money they spend on a wide range of goods and services, including food, souvenirs, accommodation and travel. The governments and inhabitants of every country should be happy to subsidise important tourist sites and encourage people from the rest of the world to visit them.
If travellers realised that they would have to pay more to visit historical and cultural attractions in a particular nation, they would perhaps decide not to go to that country on holiday. To take the UK as an example, the tourism industry and many related jobs rely on visitors coming to the country to see places like Windsor Castle or Saint Paul’s Cathedral. These two sites charge the same price regardless of nationality, and this helps to promote the nation’s cultural heritage. If overseas tourists stopped coming due to higher prices, there would be a risk of insufficient funding for the maintenance of these important buildings.
In conclusion, I believe that every effort should be made to attract tourists from overseas, and it would be counterproductive to make them pay more than local residents.
(By IELTS Simon)
Đề bài 2: Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries. Why is this the case? Is it a positive development?
Over the past few decades, there has been a remarkable expansion and development of the tourism industry. People are more inclined to travel because emerging countries have now made the process of traversing their borders far more accessible and straightforward. Several developing countries around the world have reaped the benefits of this phenomenon, gaining unparalleled fame. As a result, I consider the expansion of developing countries’ tourist industries to be a beneficial development.
Several emerging countries are boosting their tourism industry because of their global fame. The tremendous growth of the tourism industry is fueled by a variety of factors, the most important of which is its substantial impact on the country’s economy. Tourism is one of the most essential engines for attracting additional foreign exchanges. For instance, tourism brings in foreign currency that can help the country prosper. It plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. It significantly helps the country create job opportunities for its citizens and provides an excellent possibility for the host country to develop its infrastructure. Moreover, tourism promotes the development of a country’s other economic sectors.
The tourism industry’s overall effect is positive, and it is beneficial to the economies of emerging countries. It outweighs its drawbacks because it stimulates the growth of many other economic sectors, strengthens foreign exchange, improves and strengthens cordial relations between countries, creates employment opportunities, upgrades transit systems, and enhances cultural heritage.
To recapitulate, in the globalization era, the tourism sector is rapidly expanding in developing countries, which is certainly a positive trend because many countries recognize the tourism industry’s immense potential and benefits. As a result, the benefits of tourism far outweigh the drawbacks.
(By IELTS Material)
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