Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 7: Family

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Gia đình là những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chúng trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ tự tin giới thiệu mối quan hệ khăng khít của gia đình mình chứ?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề Gia đình trong bài viết này nhé

A. Family relationships

How Do Family Relationships Influence Us? - 10 Minutes of Quality Time

1. Sociologists talk about nuclear and extended families. A nuclear family is just parents and children. An extended family is a wider network including grandparents, cousins, etc.

2. Close relatives are those like parents, children, brothers or sisters. Distant relatives are people like second cousins (the children of a cousin of your mother or father ) or distant cousins.

3. Close/immediate family refers to people who are your nearest blood relatives:
I don’t have much close/immediate family.
She’s a distant cousin of mine; she’s not a blood relative.
( close can also be used to mean that the relationship is a very strong one:
We are a very close family, or We are a very close-knit family.

4. These adjectives also collocate with family:
loving, respectable, dysfunctional (unhappy, not working in a healthy way)
Simon came from a respectable family, so Mary’s parents felt happy about the marriage.

5. Someone’s late husband/wife is one who has died.

6. An estranged [formal] husband/wife is one who lives in a different place and has a difficult relationship with their husband/wife. They may be having a trial separation and may eventually decide to get a divorce. In some cases it can be a bitter/acrimonious divorce, [ full of anger, arguments and bad feeling)

7. A person’s ex-husband/ex-wife is a man/woman that she/he used to be married to.

8. Children whose parents have separated or divorced are said to come from a broken home. If their family is a strong, loving one it can be called a stable home. If it is a poor one, not having the things that are necessary for a pleasant life, such as enough money, food or good living conditions, it can be called a deprived home.

9. A confirmed bachelor is a man who seems to have no intention of ever marrying.

Các bạn hãy xem nghĩa và giải thích chi tiết cho từng câu tại đây nhé:

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Parents and children

8 Ways to Strengthen a Parent-Child Relationship | Family Services

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Exercise

Bài 1: Dựa vào những từ ở phần A, hoàn thành các ô trống sau:

I grew up in an (1)  _________ family as my grandparents and a couple of aunts and an uncle, who was a (2) _________ bachelor, lived with us. We saw a lot of our (3) _________ relatives as well as our close ones. I think that families tended to be much more (4) _________ then – we talked to each other more and did things together more. I’m sure there are far more (5) _________ families now than there used to be- you know, where parents hardly spend any time with their children, or with each other- and a lot of parents who are divorced. My  (6) _________ wife, who died two years ago, used to say that it is not fair on children to let them grow up in (7) _________ homes.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Bài 2: Dựa vào những từ ở phần B, hãy sửa những lỗi sai collocation trong đoạn sau đây:

Charles and I are hoping to (1) begin a family soon. We both want to (2) get lots of children.  Ideally, I’d like to have my first baby next year, when I’ll be 25. My sister is (3) waiting a baby now. It’s coming next month. She’s going to be a (4) sole parent and it’ll be hard for her to (5) grow up a child on her own.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Bài 3: Hãy nối từ ở cột A và cột B sao cho tạo thành các collocation có nghĩa

AB
apply for
get
estranged
nuclear
provide for
distant
set up
trial
cousin
separation
custody
home
wife
family
your family
a divorce

1. apply for
2. get
3. estranged
4. nuclear
5. provide for
6. distant
7. set up
8. trial

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

D. Practice

Part 1

1. Do you have a large or small family?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

nuclear family, extended family, close relatives, distant cousins,  blood relatives, close-knit family, close/immediate family

2. Do you prefer to live in a large or small family?

nuclear family, extended family, close relatives, distant cousins,  blood relatives, close-knit family, loving family

3. Is your family important to you?

blood relatives, bring sb up,  provide for one’s family, stable home, respectable family

Part 2

Describe your family.

You should say:

– how many family members your family has

– what they do

– how close you are

and explain why your family is important to you.

nuclear family, extended family, close-knit family, loving family, respectable family, immediate family, distant cousins, blood relatives,  have children, bring up children, provide for one’s family.

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