Speaking 4.5 - 6.0 | IZONE

Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 27: Global Problems

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ hữu ích khi nói về các vấn đề toàn cầu qua bài học sau nhé!

A. The environment 

Look at these extracts from letters to an international magazine.

Your article on climate change was excellent. Rising sea levels and the increase in greenhouse gases are the result of our actions. We are disturbing the ecological balance everywhere, as can be seen in the decrease in fish stocks in the oceans.
It is clear that we must tackle pollution before it is too late. Exhaust fumes from millions of vehicles and the burning of fossil fuels are causing irreparable damage to our environment.
We must accept that we have seriously depleted the ozone layer in the last few decades by our selfish actions. Embracing green politics may be our best hope in the long term, but we need urgent short-term measures too.
Crops fail year after year in some of the poorest parts of the world. This has brought devastating famines to some regions and equally devastating floods to others. We call these natural disasters, but it is human beings who are causing them.

(Nhấn vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Poverty 

Look at this radio interview with Pascal Delrio, an international expert, talking about poverty.

Interviewer: Mr Delrio, do you believe we can solve the problem of world poverty?

Delrio: I am more optimistic now than before. Millions of people have succeeded in escaping poverty in the last decade, but it is also true that in some regions, more people than ever are living below the poverty line, and we must help these people to lift them out of poverty.

Interviewer: But how can we achieve that?

Delrio: I accept that there is no simple solution. The widening gulf between rich and poor in some countries is often due to external forces beyond their control. Some of the most deprived regions have large populations living on the margins of society, and it is for these specific groups that we can do most.

Interviewer: But poverty is not just an issue for developing countries, is it? We have thousands sleeping rough every night in cities like London and New York, and street children in a lot of big cities around the world.

Delrio: I agree, and I accept that children and adults who live on the streets are in desperate need, and that these social conditions breed crime. But so much depends on the global economy. Right now, we have a golden opportunity to combat poverty. Perhaps we cannot eradicate poverty altogether, but we can certainly alleviate poverty, and that is our challenge.Interviewer: Mr Delrio, thank you very much.

(Nhấn vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Other global problems

Thousands of people seek political asylum in other countries every year. Most are genuine asylum seekers, but some are economic migrants looking for a better life.

Hundreds of people took to the streets to demonstrate about third-world debt repayments.

A terrible earthquake hit the region last year. The death toll was massive.

The sexual exploitation of children is a world-wide problem, as is child labour.

(Nhấn vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

D. Bài tập

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các cụm Collocation sau:

1 a rise in the number of asylum
2 to deplete the ozone
3 bad social conditions crime
4 increasing amounts of greenhouse
5 a golden to combat poverty
6 people who rough
7 a massivetoll
8 to be in desperate
9 to people out of poverty
10 below the poverty

Bài 2: Nối câu 1-5 với a-e:

1 There was a big protest against child labour.

2 There is new evidence of a widening gulf between the wealthy and more deprived sectors of society.

3 There has been some small success in tackling marine pollution.

4 The problem of street children in big cities has become a global crisis.

5 A spokesperson for one of the biggest

a) There is some evidence to suggest that fish stocks are beginning to rise slightly in the North Sea.
b) People wanting to come to this country to escape poverty should be welcomed.
c) Large numbers of people took to the streets yesterday to demonstrate against the increasing employment of children in appalling conditions.
d) A worldwide study of young people who sleep rough has raised universal alarm.
e) Figures published today indicate that the divide between the rich and the poor is getting bigger.

Bài 3: Hoàn thành đoạn văn sau:

Environment Concern is a new magazine for people interested in (1) politics. The first issue includes an article on what happened to local crops when the earthquake (2) Santa Graziela last year. Another feature looks at the problems which (3) repayments are causing for (4) countries and how this affects people who live on the (5) of society there. We appreciate that there is no simple (6) to the problem of poverty in today’s world but we have asked four experts what they would do to (7) poverty. Their answers make stimulating reading.

Bài 4: Hoàn thành các câu hỏi sau với Collocations trong phần A

1 What will happen if crops fail in an important agricultural area?

2 Name two fossil fuels.

3 Name three types of natural disaster.

4 What might a devastating flood do to an area?

5 What could governments do in response to a devastating famine?

6 What are green politics concerned with?

7 What is the cause of rising sea-levels?

8 Why are exhaust fumes an increasing problem?

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Luyện nói

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

Part 2: 

Describe an environmental problem or event. You should say:

  • What is it
  • Where is it happening
  • What problems does it cause

climate change, natural disasters, devastating famines, devastating floods, rising sea levels, greenhouse gases, irreparable damage, depleted the ozone layer, exhaust fumes, fossil fuels, tackle pollution

Part 3: 

1. How can people protect the environment? 

world-wide problem, simple solution, tackle pollution, green politics, exhaust fumes, fossil fuels

2. What social problems are there in your country?

developing countries, deprived regions, live below the poverty line, sleep rough, live on the streets, people in desperate need

3. Why do some rural areas have a lower rate of crime than big cities?

economic migrants, sleep rough, live on the streets, breed crime, alleviate poverty, combat poverty