Ứng dụng collocation vào Speaking – Unit 25: Money

Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate – Unit 37

How do we use money? - Marbella International University Centre

A. Spending money

CollocationMeaningExample
spend money (on)give money as payment for somethingJuan spends a lot of money on travelling.
save moneykeep money for use in the futureWe’re saving a little money each month to buy a new car next year.
waste/squandermoney (on)spend money in a bad way; squander is stronger and is only used about large sums of moneySara wasted/squandered all her money on clothes and fast cars.
change moneyexchange one currency for another,e.g. dollars for eurosYou can change some money at the airport.
throw moneyaroundspend money in an obvious and careless way on unnecessary thingsIf Jim keeps on throwing his money around like that, he soon won’t have any left.
throw money atspend a lot of money, possibly more thannecessary, trying to solve a problemThe government think they can solve the problem by throwing money at it.
donate money (to)give money to help society in some wayThe business donates a lot of money each year to charity.

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B. Prices

Many collocations including the word price are connected with height. Prices can be high or low. If they are very low, they may be called (usually by advertisers) rock-bottom prices. Prices may increase, prices go up and prices rise. If they go up very fast we say that prices soar. Occasionally prices go down. If you say that something is reasonably priced, you think it is neither too cheap nor too expensive. Calling something a ridiculous price may mean it is much too cheap or much too expensive.

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C. Getting money

Henry and his brother grew up in a family where money was always tight. Henry hoped that when he was grown-up, money would never be in short supply for him. Henry’s brother only wanted a steady income but Henry wasn’t interested in just earning a good salary, he wanted to make big money, to be seriously rich. He started making money at school when he sold the sandwiches his mother had made him to other children. He also worked in his school holidays to earn money. He put this money in a bank account and hardly ever made a withdrawal from it. When he left school, he raised enough money through the bank to buy his first shop. He got a really good deal because he found a shop that was going cheap. By the time he was twenty he had already made a small fortune though, of course, most of his money was tied up in his business.

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D. Exercises

Bài 1: Đọc các nhận xét sau bởi những nhân vật khác nhau và trả lời câu hỏi

Lauren: I sent 100 euros to the Children’s Fund for the Developing World.

Anthony: I went into the bank with 1,000 euros and came out with the equivalent in Australian dollars.

Patrick: I won 100,000 dollars on the lottery and bought stupid, useless things. I have almost nothing left now.

Emilia: The garden was in a terrible mess after the storm. I paid a gardener a lot of

money to sort it out but he didn’t seem to make it any better.

Hannah: I put 5,000 euros in an account which gives 4% interest.

1. Who threw money at something?

2. Who saved money?

3. Who donated money?

4. Who squandered money?

5. Who changed money?

Bài 2: Hoàn thiện các câu sau với những kết hợp từ ở mục B trong phần Lý thuyết. Mỗi kết hợp từ chỉ được sử dụng một lần.

1. In January, the price of gold was 35,000 dollars a kilo. In July it was 44,000 dollars. In just six months the price had .
2. An airline is offering a return flight from London to New York for just 50 dollars. At first sight this seems like a , as many people on the same flight will be paying 1,000 dollars or more.
3. Given that most first-class hotels were charging 350 dollars a night because of the festival, at 275 dollars our four-star hotel seemed .
4. Tablet computers are now selling at (or) prices because there’s so much competition. One that cost 150 dollars a year ago now costs only 70.
5. Car prices down last year, but they will probably again before the end of the year as steel becomes more expensive.

Bài 3: Chọn kết hợp từ đúng

1. Bank assistant: Can I help you?
Customer: Yes. I’d like to (take / get / make) a withdrawal from my account, please.
2. Bank Manager: Is your company (getting / making / taking) money?
Business customer: Yes. We are in profit. So I have a (firm / steady / strong) income.
3. Teenage son: Dad, will you lend me some money to buy a car?
Father: Well, money is rather (slim / hard / tight) at the moment. Ask your mother.
4. Jake: These cameras aren’t as expensive as I thought.
Fran: They’re (going / asking / giving) cheap right now because a new model has just come out.
The new ones are ridiculously expensive because they are in such (low / short / little) supply.
5. George: We need to bring (up / rise / raise) money for the new gym. Any ideas?
Joe: Well, we could have a children’s sports day and get all the parents to contribute.
6. Mick: You must have made a (slight / slim / small) fortune when you sold your house.
Kathy: Yes, I did, but the money is all (closed up / tied up / packed up) in the new one.
7. Oscar: I guess Zara is making (big / large / huge) money with her Internet business.
Erica: Oh yes, she’s (absolutely / utterly / seriously) rich now.

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

E. Luyện nói

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

Part 1:

  1. Is money important to you?

spend money, save money, waste/squander money, throw money around, donate money

  1. Do people in your country care much about money?

make money, steady income, earning a good salary, big money, seriously rich, made a small fortune

  1. What have you bought recently?

low price, rock-bottom prices, prices go up/ prices rise/ prices increase, prices go down, reasonably priced

Part 2: Describe something you want to buy but can’t afford.

You should say:

  • What you would like to buy
  • How much it costs
  • Why you can’t afford it
  • and explain if there is any other way you could acquire it

ridiculous price, money is always tight, in short supply, earn money, seriously rich, steady income, go cheap, got a really good deal

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