Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 4: Towns and Cities

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Thị trấn và Thành phố là những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chúng trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ miêu tả thành phố mình ở với người bạn đang sống ở Anh như thế nào?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề vùng quê trong bài viết này nhé

A. Describing towns and cities for visitors.

The city skyline is a wonderful mix of old and new, and the city itself has a lot of busy, narrow cobbled streets. The old town is a conservation area and it has a lot of quaint old buildings dating back to the city’s foundation in the 1500s.

Doradella Street has a lot of upmarket shops and rather pricey, sometimes overpriced, restaurants, but not far away is the Genasia district, where you’ll find restaurants which offer good value and a more relaxed atmosphere.

Royal Avenue runs from north to south, and is lined with shops. Behind it, the streets are full of lively bars and fashionable clubs. The pavement cafés and shops of Luna Square are pleasant but very expensive.

As you drive into the city, the tree-lined avenues of the residential areas are soon replaced by the high-rise flats of the inner city. Then come the imposing buildings of the Parliament and government departments.

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B. Towns and cities and their problems.

Some of the inner-city areas are an urban wasteland and are somewhat dangerous for visitors. In fact some streets have become no-go areas, with high crime. Many streets are strewn with litter and there are numerous run-down buildings. There are some deprived areas round the city centre with huge social problems. The industrial zones which lie on the edge of the city are grey and polluted.

Triope is a sprawling city with bumper-to-bumper traffic all day long. The exhaust fumes can be a nightmare. The volume of traffic has increased in recent years and the incessant roar of trucks and buses makes the city centre an extremely noisy place. The comfortable suburbs away from the city centre contrast sharply with the poor shanty towns one sees on the way to the airport.

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Exercise

Bài 1: Cụm từ nào trong mục A mà những bức tranh sau thể hiện.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Bài 2: Hãy xác định các cụm từ trong bảng sau mang nghĩa tiêu cực (Positive) hay tích cực (Negative)

1. relaxed atmosphere
2. lively bar
3. over-priced restaurants
4. urban wasteland
5. no-go area
6. imposing building
7. shanty town
8. fashionable club
9. run-down buildings

Bài 3: Trả lời các câu hỏi sau bằng những collocation ở phần Lý thuyết

1. What might prevent you from sleeping in a house near a busy motorway?

2. Exhaust fumes will get worse if what increases?

3. What is the opposite of a restaurant which is good value?

4. What kind of area with poor, home-made houses could certainly be called a deprived area?

5. If an area is very interesting historically, what may it officially be called?

6. What is another way of saying an expensive restaurant?

7. What do we call blocks of flats which have many storeys, perhaps 20 or more?

8. What adjective could be used about an attractive and perhaps slightly unusual old building?

Bài 4: Chọn ở cột bên phải nội dung tương ứng với cột bên trái.

1. It is a sprawling 
2. It is full of upmarket 
3. There was bumper-to-bumper 
4. I get asthma from the terrible exhaust 
5. I live in a residential 
6. Some of the more deprived 
7. The main street in town 
8. The main street is lined 
9. On the outskirts are some industrial 
10. The streets were strewn 
a. traffic all the way to the airport.
b. runs from the castle to the river.
c. zones and some large supermarkets.
d. with shops and cafés.
e. city covering an enormous area.
f. with litter.
g. area but work in the city centre.
h. areas are not far from the city centre.
i. fumes in the city centre.
j. shops, which are too expensive for me.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

D. Practice

Part 1: 

1. Do you prefer the city or the suburbs?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

high-rise flats,  imposing buildings,  lively bars,  fashionable clubs,  pavement cafés,  relaxed atmosphere

2. Do you like the city you are living in now?

city skyline,  cobbled streets, tree-lined avenues, quaint old buildings, lively bars,  fashionable clubs, relaxed atmosphere

3. What kind of places are crowded in where you’re living now?

residential areas, inner-city areas, cobbled streets, volume of traffic, bumper-to-bumper traffic, exhaust fumes,  incessant roar

Part 2: 

1. Most people in this world do not live in their hometowns. Why?

deprived areas, shanty towns, run-down buildings,  inner-city areas, good value, upmarket shops, lively bars, fashionable clubs, pavement cafés,  imposing buildings

2. What do you think are the main causes of the increasingly polluted environment in big cities?

sprawling city,industrial zones, strewn with litter, volume of traffic, bumper-to-bumper traffic, exhaust fumes, incessant roar

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