Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 3: Countryside.

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Vùng quê là một trong những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta, nhất là với những bạn đang sống tại quê nhà, cũng như các bạn muốn trải nghiệm một cuộc sống giản dị ở vùng quê. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về vùng quê trong Tiếng Anh? Khung cảnh vùng quê nên miêu tả như thế nào?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề vùng quê trong bài viết này nhé

A. Writing about the landscape.

From my room I look out over the surrounding countryside. It’s very different from the familiar landscape I see from the windows at home. At home it’s a gentle landscape with open fields. Here it’s a bleak landscape with rocky mountains in the distance.

Yesterday we followed a path down to the lake. As we turned a corner, we caught a glimpse of a kingfisher standing in the water. John tried to take a picture of it but it caught sight of us and flew off. A little further on we rounded a bend and St John’s Abbey came into view. The Abbey fell into ruin about three hundred years ago. Although it lies in ruins, it is well worth seeing as it stands in a dramatic setting on a steep slope beside a fast-flowing river with mountains towering above it.

The cottage is in some wonderful unspoilt countryside on the edge of a dense forest. Unfortunately the trees block the view of the snow-covered mountains. It has a little garden with a stream at the end of it. The stream winds through the forest. They wanted to build a timber factory here but the local people said that it would destroy the countryside and, fortunately, their campaign to protect the environment succeeded.

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. The language of tourism.

collocation example
uninterrupted view From most rooms there are uninterrupted views of the castle.[nothing blocks the views of the castle]
panoramic view From the top floor restaurant diners have a panoramic view of the countryside. [view over a very wide area]
spectacular view From the balcony there is a spectacular view of the mountains. [very dramatic view]
enjoy/admire a view We stopped for a few minutes to admire the view.
breathtaking scenery The area has some breathtaking scenery – mountains, cliffs, lakes. [extremely striking and beautiful views]
dominate the landscape The castle dominates the landscape for miles around. [can be seen from a long way away]
beach stretches A beautiful beach stretches for miles along the coast.
sandy beach The hotel has its own sandy beach.
secluded beach You’ll love the secluded beaches. [without many people]
golden sands You can wander for miles along the golden sands.
peaceful/tranquil countryside You can quickly go from the hustle and bustle of the town to the tranquil countryside. [formal]

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Exercise

Bài 1: Xem mục A. Hoàn thành các cụm từ sau sao cho phù hợp với mỗi bức tranh

1. Near the lake there is an old house that ruin about a hundred years ago. It stands in a lovely landscape, surrounded by fields.
2. We a footpath along the river for about three kilometres. In the distance there were snow- mountains.
3. We walked through a forest; it was very dark among the trees.

Bài 2: Sửa lại lỗi sai ở các cụm từ được gạch chân trong đoạn văn sau

A chain of (1)snowy mountains runs down the east of the country. The Wassa River, the country’s biggest, (2)dances slowly from the northern mountains to the sea. Even in summer it is a (3)sour landscape, with its dark, (4)stony mountains and its cold streams. But for me it is the (5)family landscape of my childhood and I am happy that the government has decided to (6)guard this environment. It is a dramatic (7)set which is (8)a lot worth visiting for anyone who likes (9)spectacle views.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Bài 3: Chọn cụm từ đúng

1. We made / took / put a lot of photographs because it was such a beautiful day.
2. As I returned / turned the corner I made / caught / took a glimpse of the house through the trees.
3. A long sanded / sandy beach reached / ran / stretched for miles in front of us.
4. Unfortunately, the new hotel blocks / jams / stops the view of the castle.

Bài 4: Hoàn thành các collocations liên quan đến từ “countryside” sau

Adjective meaning “beautiful because it has not been changed or damaged by people”:
Adjective meaning “peaceful, quiet”:
Verb meaning “damage something so badly that it no longer exists or cannot be used”:

Bài 5: Thay thế các từ trong ngoặc ở mỗi câu bằng một từ mà có thể kết hợp được với các từ gạch chân

1. It’s a beautiful town and the countryside (which is all around it) is even more beautiful.

2. The tower (is the most important and visible thing on) the landscape. From the top of the tower, you get a view (which allows you to see a very wide stretch) of the surrounding area.

3. There are lovely beaches (with very few people on them).

4. We travelled through some scenery (which was extremely exciting and beautiful).

5. From the windows of our villa we had views (which were continuous, without any obstacles,) of the lakes and mountains.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

D. Practice

Part 1: 

1. Do you like visiting the countryside?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

gentle landscape, open fields, dramatic setting, mountains towering, rocky mountains, snow-covered mountains, dense forest, 

2. Would you like to live in the countryside in the future?

the hustle and bustle of the town, tranquil/peaceful countryside, wonderful unspoilt countryside, breathtaking scenery, spectacular view, open fields, 

3. Would you like to live in the countryside in the future?

follow a path, stream winds, uninterrupted views, breathtaking scenery, take a picture, tranquil/peaceful countryside/ protect the environment

Part 2: 

Describe an enjoyable experience you had in the countryside

You should say :

  • what the activity was
  • when you did it
  • who you did with it
  • why it was enjoyable

the hustle and bustle of the town, tranquil/peaceful countryside, wonderful unspoilt countryside, follow a path, turn a corner/round a bend, catch a glimpse of, well worth seeing, beach stretches, sandy beaches, golden sands, spectacular view, admire the view, take a picture, protect the environment

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