Ứng dụng Collocation vào Speaking – Unit 5: People: Character and Behavior.

(Nguồn: English Collocations In Use Intermediate)

Chủ đề Con người, nhất là với tính cách và hành vi của họ là những chủ đề quen thuộc và có liên quan đến đời sống hàng ngày của mỗi chúng ta. Nhưng liệu rằng các bạn đã biết hết những cách diễn đạt hay về chúng trong Tiếng Anh? Bạn sẽ miêu tả những người xung quanh mình với người bạn đang sống ở Anh như thế nào?

Hãy cùng IZONE học những cụm từ diễn đạt hay về chủ đề vùng quê trong bài viết này nhé

A. Your month of birth and your character.

JanuaryYou are good company but you may have a selfish streak
FebruaryYou have an outgoing personality and a good sense of humour
MarchYou have a vivid imagination, but you tend to lose your temper too easily
AprilYou are highly intelligent with a razor-sharp mind
MayYou set high standards for yourself and are fiercely loyal to your friends
JuneThe best aspect of your personality is the way you always put others first.
JulyAlthough you can be painfully shy in social situations, at work you give the impression of being supremely confident.
AugustYou have a tendency to make snap decisions
September You have a strong sense of responsibility and always keep your word
OctoberYou are good at keeping secrets and never bear a grudge
NovemberYou find it hard to keep your temper if you think someone is making a fool out of you.
DecemberYou can be brutally honest and sometimes hurt others’ feelings

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

B. Behaviour: verb + noun collocations.

collocationexamplecomment
play a joke/trickThe children played a joke on the teacher by hiding under their desks before she came into the roomNOT make a joke/trick
take a jokeFortunately,the teacher could take a joke and didn’t punish them= didn’t mind a joke being played on her
swallow your prideJane swallowed her pride and admitted that she was wrong= she did it even though it was embarrassing for her
throw a tantrumThe child threw a tantrum when Iwouldn’t buy him any sweets= behaved in a very uncontrolled manner
lose your patienceFinally I lost my patience and shouted at her.= lost my temper, became angry
come to terms withNick has found it hard to come toterms with his illness.= accept something psychologically
reveal your truecharacterJack’s failure to support her has certainly revealed his true character opposite = conceal/hide your true character

(Nhấp vào đây để xem hướng dẫn)

C. Exercise

Bài 1: Những collocations nào trong phần A miêu tả các khía cạnh tiêu cực của tính cách

Bài 2: Điền những từ còn thiếu vào ô trống sau. Chữ cái đầu tiên của các từ đôi khi sẽ được cho trước

1. I know that I a tendency to a grudge, but I just can’t forget something bad a friend did to me recently. She has a selfish s and doesn’t care sometimes how much she my feelings. I am finding it increasingly hard to k my temper with her. But perhaps it might be better to l my temper and let her know how I really feel?

2. I have always tried to others first and not to think of myself. I believe you should not lose your p with your friends, but if someone seems to enjoy a fool out of you in front of other people, do those rules of friendship still apply?

3. I’m a little shy, though not p shy, but sometimes I think I the impression that I’m unfriendly. How can I convince people that I’m good c and worth getting to know?

4. Should I talk about personal matters to my closest colleague at work? She is not very good at secrets and she has a very v imagination. She always promises not to tell other people, but I’m not sure she always her word.

5. My boyfriend has a really friendly o personality and a great of humour. He’s intelligent and has a -sharp mind. The perfect man. We’ve been together now for a year, and I like him a lot, but don’t love him any more. Should I be b honest with him and tell him?

6. I think a friend is destroying himself with drugs. I feel a of responsibility towards him. He has always been f loyal to me in good and bad times, which is a wonderful a of his personality. I feel I ought to contact the police or social services, but I don’t want to make a s decision which I’ll regret later.

Bài 3: Hoàn thành câu nói của người B sao cho có nghĩa tương tự với câu nói của người A, sử dụng các collocation ở mục A và B

1. A: Bob’s found it hard to accept psychologically the fact that he’s now divorced.
B: Yes, he’s found it hard with his new situation.
2. A: Kevin’s problem is he can’t laugh when people play jokes on him
B: No, it’s true. He just can’t , can he?
3. A: Well, Sara’s behaviour last night certainly showed the truth about her
B: Yes, it certainly .
4. A: She always has very high expectations of both herself and her children
B: Yes, she always .
5. A: Sam started screaming and stamping his feet when I tried to put him to bed
B: Well, two-year-olds often .

Điểm số của bạn là % – đúng / câu

D. Practice

Part 1: 

1. Are you an interesting friend?

(*) Cố gắng sử dụng 1 số collocations Gợi ý để hình thành câu trả lời. Lưu ý là bạn KHÔNG cần dùng tất cả collocations này trong câu trả lời của mình, chỉ cần chọn ra 1 vài collocations hữu ích.

good company, an outgoing personality, good sense of humour, a vivid imagination, put others first

2. Which aspect of your personality do you like most?

highly intelligent, a razor-sharp mind, set high standards for ones’ self, put sb/sth first.

3. Do you get annoyed easily?

lose one’s patience, throw tantrum, take a joke, keep your temper, hurt others’ feelings.

Part 2:

Describe one of your best friends.

You should say:

  • What this person looks like
  • When and where you met this person
  • What you do when you are together
  • And explain why he/she is one of your best friends

good company, outgoing personality, a good sense of humour, a vivid imagination, highly intelligent, razor-sharp mind, fiercely loyal, put others first, supremely confident, give the impression, sense of responsibility, 

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